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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

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Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

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Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'HistWc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

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Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 140

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

BLEDDYN ap CYNFYN (bu f. 1075), tywysog | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

BLEDDYN ap CYNFYN (bu f. 1075), tywysog

Enw: Bleddyn Ap Cynfyn
Dyddiad marw: 1075
Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Priod: Haer ferch Gillyn
Plentyn: Maredudd ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn
Plentyn: Iorwerth ap Bleddyn
Plentyn: Rhiryd ap Bleddyn
Plentyn: Madog ap Bleddyn
Plentyn: Cadwgan ab Bleddyn
Rhiant: Angharad wraig Cynfyn ap Gwerstan
Rhiant: Cynfyn ap Gwerstan
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: tywysog
Maes gweithgaredd: Milwrol; Gwleidyddiaeth a Mudiadau Gwleidyddol; Teuluoedd Brenhinol a Bonheddig
Awdur: John Edward Lloyd

Mab Cynfyn ap Gwerstan (gwr na wyddys ddim arall amdano) ac Angharad, gweddw Llywelyn ap Seisyll (bu farw 1023), a mam yr enwog Gruffudd ap Llywelyn (bu farw 1063).

Rhoddir ach urddasol i Gwerstan gan awdurdodau diweddar, ond y mae naws gair yn deillio o'r Saesneg Werestan ar yr enw. A hwythau yn hanner-brodyr i Gruffudd, dilynodd Bleddyn a Rhiwallon ef, ond nid yn annibynnol bellach eithr yn talu gwrogaeth i Edward y Cyffeswr ac yn gynghreiriaid ag ef. Dilynasant ôl traed Gruffudd trwy ymgyfathrachu a Mercia a helpu gwyr Mercia yn eu hymdrech yn erbyn William y Concwerwr, gan gynorthwyo Edric Wyllt yn 1067 pryd yr anrheithiasant swydd Henffordd cyn belled â'r afon Lugg, a hefyd Edwin a Morcar yn 1068.

Yn y flwyddyn 1070 bu raid iddynt gyfarfod â bygythiad yn nes adref; heriwyd eu gallu gan ddau o feibion Gruffydd ym mrwydr Mechain, pryd yr enillodd Bleddyn, yr unig un ohonynt na chollodd ei fywyd. Bygythid ef yn awr gan y Normaniaid a oedd yn graddol ennill eu ffordd i Ogledd Cymru; yn 1073 medrodd Robert o Ruddlan ymsefydlu ar lannau'r afon Clwyd ac ychydig yn ddiweddarach ddod yn ddisymwth ac yn ddirgel ar warthaf Bleddyn a pheri i'r arweinydd Cymreig golli llawer o ysbail a bod bron a chael ei gymryd yn garcharor.

Daeth pen ar ei yrfa yn 1075 pan drefnodd Rhys ab Owain a gwyr mawr Ystrad Tywi iddo farw. Cwynid yn fawr yng nghanolbarth Cymru o achos y trychineb, ac felly pan lwyddodd ei gefnder Trahaearn ap Caradog i drechu Rhys ym mrwydr Gwdig yn 1078 a'i anfon ar ffo yn ffrwst credid bod dial wedi cael ei wneuthur mewn modd arbennig.

Rhoddir clod uchel i Fleddyn yn y cronicl a gedwid y pryd hyn yn Llanbadarn. Yr oedd rhinweddau'r tywysog delfrydol ynddo — tiriondeb tuag at elyn, caredigrwydd, hynawsedd, haelfrydedd tuag at y tlawd a'r diamddiffyn, a pharch i hawliau'r Eglwys. Gellir credu llawer o'r canmol hwn wrth gofio ei fod yn un o'r ychydig dywysogion a wnaeth ddiwygio cyfraith Hywel Dda. Ymhlith y cenedlaethau dilynol fe'i cofid ef fwyaf fel cyndad holl dywysogion diweddarach Powys o achos i'w feibion ymhen ychydig amser wedi iddo farw lwyddo i'w sefydlu eu hunain yn rheolwyr ar yr holl dalaith honno.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: