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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
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Function: require_once

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Filename: controllers/Article.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

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Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'HistWc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 137

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 140

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

CADWGAN (bu f. 1241), esgob Bangor | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

CADWGAN (bu f. 1241), esgob Bangor

Enw: Cadwgan
Dyddiad marw: 1241
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: esgob Bangor
Maes gweithgaredd: Crefydd
Awdur: John Edward Lloyd

Cafodd Cadwgan ei esgobaeth pan fu farw Robert yn 1212. Y pryd hwn yr oedd Llywelyn ap Iorwerth yn ben llywodraethwr ar Ogledd Cymru; trwy ei ddylanwad ef, y mae'n ddiamau, y cafodd Cadwgan yr esgobaeth. Ac ni bu i'r brenin John ychwaith, a oedd ar y pryd yn ceisio cael cymorth y Cymry yn erbyn ei farwniaid, roddi unrhyw rwystr ar ei ffordd. Ar 13 Mawrth caniatâwyd i'r cabidwl ethol abad y Tŷ-gwyn-ar-Daf, ar yr amod eu bod yn ceisio cydsyniad y brenin yn ffurfiol yn nes ymlaen. Ar 13 Ebrill rhoes John hysbysrwydd am yr etholiad i'r archesgob Langton a gofyn iddo gysegru. Ar ôl i Gadwgan wneuthur y broffes arferedig o ufudd-dod ar 28 Ebrill cydsyniodd yr archesgob a chymerth y gwasanaeth cysegru le yn Staines, 21 Mehefin.

Ni wybuasid ddim am ddechreuad yr esgob newydd oni bai am y darlun a dynnwyd ohono gan Gerallt Gymro yn ei Speculum Ecclesiae — darlun nad oes dim yn eisiau ynddo ond yr enw. Fe'i tynnwyd gyda rhyfyg diofn a dylid bod yn ofalus iawn rhag ei dderbyn yn ei grynswth. Serch hynny, gellir dywedyd a chredu bod Cadwgan yn fab i offeiriad o Wyddel a mam a oedd yn Gymraes, iddo dderbyn addysg glerigol dda, a dyfod yn fynach yn urdd y Sistersiaid. Daeth yn ben ar abaty Ystrad Fflur ac heb fod yn hir iawn wedi hynny yn bennaeth y Tŷ-gwyn-ar-Daf, mam-gartref tai Sistersaidd Cymru bron i gyd. Oherwydd iddo wasanaethu Llywelyn yn ddiwyd a diflino fe'i cafodd ei hun yn esgob o'r diwedd. Y mae popeth a wyddys am Gadwgan o ffynonellau eraill llai gwenwynig yn fwy ffariol iddo. Yn y flwyddyn 1234, ar adeg prinder bwyd yng Ngogledd Cymru, trefnwyd i ddwyn llonaid llong o ŷd o Iwerddon er mwyn ei bobl. Ddwy flynedd yn ddiweddarach, gyda chaniatâd y pab Grigor IX, ymddiswyddodd o'r esgobaeth a dychwelyd i fyw bywyd mynach syml yn abaty Dore, lle bu f. 11 Ebrill 1241. Y mae peth tystiolaeth ei fod yn ŵr o ddysg ac yn awdur; priodolir llyfr homilïau iddo.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: