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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
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Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
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Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Notice

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Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

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Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

CNEPPYN GWERTHRYNION, pencerdd a gramadegydd o'r 13eg g. | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

CNEPPYN GWERTHRYNION, pencerdd a gramadegydd o'r 13eg g.

Enw: Cneppyn Gwerthrynion
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: pencerdd a gramadegydd
Maes gweithgaredd: Barddoniaeth; Ysgolheictod ac Ieithoedd
Awdur: David Myrddin Lloyd

fel y mae debycaf, er na cheir, hyd y gwyddom, ddim o'i waith yn aros. Gwelir y cyfeiriad cynharaf ato gan Wilym Ddu o Arfon (bardd a ganai yn 1322) yn ei awdl farwnad i Drahaearn Brydydd (M.A. 277b 12/13), lle'r enwir y Cneppyn ymhlith nifer o brifeirdd y 13eg g., gan honni mai i olyniaeth y ‘blaid penceirddiaid’ hyn yr oedd Trahaearn yn perthyn. Gellir casglu o hyn ei hanfod (sef Cneppyn) o Werthryniawn (yn ‘sir Faesyfed’), a bod ei gerdd yn ‘Ladin gyfiawn,’ sef yn ôl safonau rhetoreg Lladin ei gyfnod.

Mewn rhai llawysgrifau ceir yr enw Cneppyn Gwerthryniawn fel un o nifer o lysenwau ar Sypyn Cyfeiliog neu Ddafydd Bach ap Madog Wladaidd, ond gan fod y Dafydd hwn yn canu yn ddiweddar yn y 14eg g., ni ddichon mai ef oedd y Cneppyn gwreiddiol (gw. I.G.E., arg. 1925, clxvii et seq.).

Yn Cardiff MS. 38, sef copi o'r ‘Pum Llyfr Kerddwriaeth’ yn llaw Wiliam Cynwal, ac mewn copïau eraill ohonynt o'r 16eg g., sonnir am ‘Cnypyn Gwerthryniawn’ (neu Werthryniawc) fel gramadegydd, a'i enwi o flaen Dafydd Ddu Athro. Gan fod gramadeg y beirdd yn seiliedig ar y ‘ddwned’ Ladin, y mae hyn yn hawdd ei gysoni â thystiolaeth Gwilym Ddu, ac yn awgrymu bod gramadeg Cymraeg sgrifenedig yn nwylo'r penceirddiaid cyn gynhared â'r 13eg g. o leiaf (gw. G. J. Williams, Gramadegau'r Penceirddiaid, xx-xxi).

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: