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Severity: Notice

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): failed to load external entity "/opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/bib.ent" in Entity, line: 1

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'WhwasWhc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'EliPhilc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 137

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 140

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 331

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

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Severity: Notice

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): failed to load external entity "/opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/bib.ent" in Entity, line: 1

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 90
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

LEWIS, Syr WILLIAM THOMAS (1837 - 1914), yr ARGLWYDD MERTHYR o SENGHENYDD 1af, perchennog glofeydd | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig
Cywiriadau

LEWIS, Syr WILLIAM THOMAS (1837 - 1914), yr ARGLWYDD MERTHYR o SENGHENYDD 1af, perchennog glofeydd

Enw: William Thomas Lewis
Dyddiad geni: 1837
Dyddiad marw: 1914
Plentyn: Katherine Mary Green née Lewis
Rhiant: Thomas William Lewis
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: perchennog glofeydd
Maes gweithgaredd: Diwydiant a Busnes
Awdur: Robert Thomas Jenkins

Ganwyd 5 Awst 1837 yn fab i Thomas William Lewis, peiriannydd gwaith haearn Plymouth (Merthyr Tydfil). Bu yn ysgol Taliesin Williams (‘ab Iolo’), ond yn 13 oed prentisiwyd ef gyda'i dad. Yn 1855 aeth i wasanaeth stad ardalydd Bute, yn beiriannydd cynorthwyol, ac yn 1864 penodwyd ef yn ofalwr ar holl fwyngloddiau'r stad. Yn yr un flwyddyn priododd Anne, ferch WILLIAM REES, perchennog glofa Llety-Shenkin, Aberdâr (bu hi f. yn 1902); taid iddi hi, ROBERT THOMAS (dyn o orllewin Cymru), a agorodd yn 1828, yn y Waun Wyllt (Abercanaid), y lefel gyntaf i farchnata glo at ddibenion tai annedd (gynt, at doddi haearn yn unig y cynhyrchid glo ar raddfa fawr); dilynwyd ef yn hyn gan ei weddw LUCY THOMAS (‘mam y fasnach lo Gymreig,’ 1781 hyd 27 Medi 1847), ac yn ddiweddarach, hyhi a'i mab WILLIAM THOMAS a ddechreuodd y fasnach mewn glo ‘ager’ rhwng Cymru a Llundain. Agorodd William Thomas lofa Llety-Shenkin yn 1843, a gweithiwyd hi wedyn gan ei frawd-yng-nghyfraith William Rees. Bellach, nid yn unig yr oedd W. T. Lewis yn rheoli pyllau'r Bute yn Nhreherbert, ond daeth yn anturwr ar ei gyfrif ei hunan; rhwng 1870 a 1880 cafodd i'w ddwylo y pyllau yn rhan isaf Cwm Rhondda a adwaenid wedyn fel ‘Lewis Merthyr’; chwiliodd am wythiennau glo yng Nghwm Rhymni; ac agorodd bwll ‘Senghenydd’ yn 1895. Yn 1880 rhoddwyd arno ofal holl fuddiannau'r Bute yn y Deheudir, a helaethodd yntau'r dociau yng Nghaerdydd yn ddirfawr wedi hynny. Tyfodd yn allu mawr iawn yn y fasnach lo a'r diwydiannau eraill a oedd ynglyn â hi. Yr oedd yn 1864-5 wedi ffurfio cynghrair o berchnogion glofeydd cwm Aberdâr, a datblygodd hwnnw erbyn 1872 yn ‘South Wales and Monmouthshire Coalowners Association,’ yn ymateb i gynnydd yr undebau llafur a'r streiciau mynych. Hawliai ef ei hunan mai efe a ddyfeisiodd ddull adnabyddus y ‘raddfa symudol’ (‘sliding scale’) at bennu cyflogau, ond priodolir hynny i wyr eraill hefyd, megis H. Hussey Vivian, arglwydd Abertawe — gw. Elizabeth Phillips, Pioneers of the Welsh Coalfield, 256-61. O gymryd ei egwyddorion yn ganiataol, gellid maentumio bod Lewis yn wr dyngarol; ac er iddo gael ei ystyried yn ddyn caled, gelwid arno'n fynych i gyfryngu mewn ymrafaelion diwydiannol. Bu'n aelod o gryn nifer o ddirprwyaethau brenhinol ar bynciau'n dwyn perthynas â phyllau glo; gwnaeth ei ran hefyd yn llywodraeth leol ei sir a threfi Merthyr Tydfil ac Aberdâr. Urddwyd ef yn farchog yn 1885 ac yn farwnig yn 1896, a chodwyd ef i Dyr Arglwyddi yn 1911. Cafodd ddau fab a chwech o ferched — un ohonynt oedd priod C. A. H. Green, archesgob Cymru wedyn. Bu f. 27 Awst 1914.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl:

Cywiriadau

LEWIS, Syr WILLIAM THOMAS

Cymerth Robert Thomas brydles ar y Waun Wyllt yn 1824. Bu f. 19 Chwefror 1833. Eisoes (1830) yr oedd wedi cysylltu ei fusnes â Llundain — felly nid yw'n llythrennol gywir mai ei weddw oedd ‘mam y fasnach lo Gymreig’.

    Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1970

    Cywiriadau