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LLWYD, RICHARD (‘Bard of Snowdon’; 1752 - 1835) | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

LLWYD, RICHARD (‘Bard of Snowdon’; 1752 - 1835)

Enw: Richard Llwyd
Ffugenw: Bard of Snowdon
Dyddiad geni: 1752
Dyddiad marw: 1835
Priod: Ann Llwyd née Bingley
Rhiant: Alice Llwyd
Rhiant: John Llwyd
Rhyw: Gwryw
Maes gweithgaredd: Barddoniaeth
Awdur: William Llewelyn Davies

g. yn y King's Head, Biwmares, mab John ac Alice Llwyd. Morwr oedd y tad yn tradio ar raddfa fechan; bu f. yn Warrington, o'r frech wen, pan oedd y plant yn ieuanc. Wedi naw mis yn ysgol ramadeg Biwmares, aeth Richard Llwyd i wasanaethu teuluoedd, gan ddechrau yn sir Fôn; yn 1780 daeth yn steward ac ysgrifennydd i Griffith, Caerhun, gerllaw Conwy. Yn ddiweddarach ymddeolodd ac ymneilltuo i fyw ym Miwmares, ac, o 1807 ymlaen, yng Nghaer. Bu'n foddion i gael gosod cofeb i David Hughes, sefydlydd ysgol rad Biwmares; methodd, fodd bynnag, yn ei ymdrech i gael cofeb i Owen Jones (‘Myfyr’). Dangosasai ers tro fod iddo ddiddordeb arbennig yn hanes ac achyddiaeth Cymru, a daeth i gael ei gydnabod yn fath o awdurdod ar y pynciau hynny; bu'n arfaethu cyhoeddi ‘History and Location of the Founders of the Regal and Patrician Tribes and other Chieftains. … Also the Advena [ sic ], or Families founded by natives of England in its several wars with Wales.’ Rhoes gymorth i awduron megis Richard Fenton, Syr Richard Colt Hoare, a Peter Roberts. Bu hefyd yn astudio rhai o lawysgrifau Hengwrt — ar hyn gw. t. xxi. yn yr ‘Introduction’ i rifyn cyntaf N.L.W. Handlist of MSS., ac, yn arbennig, Pen. MSS. 425 a 533. Aeth i Lundain yn 1808 i ddarllen yn llyfrgell yr Amgueddfa Brydeinig a daeth i adnabod Owen Jones (‘Myfyr’), William Owen Pughe, Sharon Turner, etc. Oblegid ei gyfathrach â llenorion a rhai o uchelwyr tiriog Gogledd Cymru, bu'n help i gael cymorth ariannol (o'r ‘Royal Literary Fund,’ etc.) i David Thomas (‘Dafydd Ddu Eryri’), Richard Robert Jones (‘Dic Aberdaron’), a Jonathan Hughes, Llangollen. Priododd, ym mis Mai 1814, Ann Bingley (bu farw 1834), merch yr aldramon Bingley, Caer, ac aeth i fyw yng nghartref ei wraig. Daeth yn aelod anrhydeddus o Gymdeithas y Cymmrodorion yn 1824. Efe a fu'n foddion i anfon i'r Amgueddfa Brydeinig y gist lludw'r marw a gysylltir ag enw Branwen ferch Llyr ac a ddarganfuasid, yn 1813, ar lan afon Alaw, sir Fôn. Bu f. 29 Rhagfyr 1835 a chladdwyd ef yng nghell gladdu teulu ei wraig ym mynwent eglwys S. John, Caer.

Cyhoeddodd Beaumaris Bay, ei waith barddonol mwyaf adnabyddus, yn 1800; Gayton Wake, or Mary Dod (Chester, 1804); a Poems, Tales, Odes, Sonnets, Translations from the British (Chester, 1804). Yn 1837 cyhoeddwyd The Poetical Works of Richard Llwyd, The Bard of Snowdon, comprising Beaumaris Bay … with a Portrait and a Memoir of the Author. Yr oedd yn bur gyfarwydd ag Angharad Llwyd — hyn sydd yn cyfrif paham y ceir rhai o'i lawysgrifau ef ymhlith ei chasgliadau hi (yn Ll.G.C. — casgliad Kinmel Park).

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: