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Function: loadXML

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Function: loadXML

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Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

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Function: load

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Function: _error_handler

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Function: _error_handler

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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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MATTHEWS, JOHN HOBSON (‘Mab Cernyw’; 1858 - 1914), hanesydd Pabyddol, arbenigwr mewn dogfennau, a chyfreithiwr | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

MATTHEWS, JOHN HOBSON (‘Mab Cernyw’; 1858 - 1914), hanesydd Pabyddol, arbenigwr mewn dogfennau, a chyfreithiwr

Enw: John Hobson Matthews
Ffugenw: Mab Cernyw
Dyddiad geni: 1858
Dyddiad marw: 1914
Priod: Alice Mary Mathews née Gwyn-Hughes
Rhiant: Emma Mathews née Hobson
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: hanesydd Pabyddol, arbenigwr mewn dogfennau, a chyfreithiwr
Maes gweithgaredd: Crefydd; Hanes a Diwylliant; Cyfraith
Awdur: William Llewelyn Davies

Ganwyd 1858 yn Croydon, ei dad o St. Ives, Cernyw, a'i fam (Emma Hobson) o Great Grimsby. Er nad oedd yn Gymro o waed bu i Matthews gyswllt hir â Chymru, ac ysgrifennodd gymaint am Gymru a'r gororau nes haeddu ohono le yn y gwaith hwn. Cafodd ei addysg mewn ysgolion yn Blackheath a Chaergrawnt, a bu am ychydig amser mewn swydd yn Malta a gafwyd iddo gan ei dad, a oedd mewn busnes llongau.

Derbyniwyd ef i'r Eglwys Babyddol yn 1877, daeth yn gyfreithiwr yn 1889, a bu'n dilyn yr alwedigaeth honno yng Nghaerdydd.

Eithr mewn hanes a defnyddiau hanes yr oedd ei ddiddordeb pennaf. Cyhoeddodd Yr hen grefydd a'r grefydd newydd Sef dadl … am yr Eglwys Gatholig…. Wedi ei gyfieithu i'r Gymraeg gan … J. H. Jones (Caerdydd, 1889), A history of the parishes of St. Ives, Lelant, Towednack, and Zennor (London, 1892), The Life and Memorials of Saint Teilo (Preston, 1893), The Mass and its Folklore (London, 1903), etc. Efe a gyfieithodd Ffordd y Groes yn Gymraeg ac a olygodd Emynau Catholig.

Yn y cyfamser yr oedd yn arbenigo mewn astudio dogfennau, gan roddi sylw (a) i ddogfennau corfforaeth Caerdydd, a golygu chwe chyfrol y gwaith mawr a enwir, Cardiff Records, being materials for a history of the County Borough from the earliest times (1898-1911), a dyfod yn hanesydd swyddogol y gorfforaeth; (b) i ddogfennau swyddogol sir Fynwy (cyhoeddwyd, 1905, adroddiad a baratowyd ganddo); a (c) i ddogfennau ynglyn â hanes Pabyddion, yn enwedig rhai de-ddwyrain Cymru, sir Henffordd, etc. Bu'n archwilio dogfennau teulu Vaughan, Courtfield, sir Henffordd, a chyhoeddi, yn 1912, The Vaughans of Courtfield; a study in Welsh genealogy. (Y mae'r dogfennau hyn yn awr yn Ll.G.C.)

Yr oedd yn un o aelodau gwreiddiol y ‘Catholic Record Society,’ a ffurfiwyd yn 1904, gan ddyfod yn gyfrannwr toreithiog i gyfrolau'r gymdeithas honno, e.e. ‘Catholic Mission Register of Perthir,’ ‘Records relating to Catholicism in the South Wales Marches, 17th and 18th centuries,’ ‘Catholic registers of Llanarth, Monmouthshire, 1781-1838,’ ‘A list of Monmouthshire Recusants, 1719,’ etc. (gw. cyfrolau i, ii, iii, vii, ix, xii, xiii). Yr oedd yn un o'r rhai cyntaf i alw sylw at garolau Richard Gwyn — gw. Catholic Record Society, iv. 90-9.

Yr oedd ganddo gryn allu fel ieithydd — iaith Malta, y Gernyweg — a daeth yn bur hyddysg yn yr iaith Gymraeg. Adeg ei farw, yn Ealing, 23 Ionawr 1914, yr oedd yn gweithio ar barhad o waith Duncombe ar hanes sir Henffordd. Priododd, 1892, Alice Mary Gwyn-Hughes.

Y mae NLW MS. 2851-53 yn cynnwys esiamplau o'i waith fel cynullwr defnyddiau hanes.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: