A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): failed to load external entity "/opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/bib.ent" in Entity, line: 1

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'DNBc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'BBCSc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'TrCymmc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 137

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 140

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 331

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

OWAIN ap THOMAS ap RHODRI, neu OWAIN LAWGOCH (bu f. 1378), milwr wrth ei grefft ac ymhonnwr i dywysogaeth Cymru | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

OWAIN ap THOMAS ap RHODRI, neu OWAIN LAWGOCH (bu f. 1378), milwr wrth ei grefft ac ymhonnwr i dywysogaeth Cymru

Enw: Owain Ap Thomas Ap Rhodri
Dyddiad marw: 1378
Rhiant: Cecilia wraig Thomas ap Rhodri
Rhiant: Thomas ap Rhodri
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: milwr wrth ei grefft ac ymhonnwr i dywysogaeth Cymru
Maes gweithgaredd: Milwrol; Gwleidyddiaeth a Mudiadau Gwleidyddol
Awdur: Thomas Jones Pierce

Mab Thomas ap Rhodri a merch o'r enw Cecilia — yr oedd felly yn or-or-wyr i Lywelyn I ac yn or-nai i Lywelyn II. Ganed ef c. 1330, yn ôl pob tebyg ar stad ei dad, sef Tatsfield yn Surrey. Ymddengys iddo, ac yntau eto'n bur ifanc, fyned i wasnaethu brenhinoedd Ffrainc, a threulio gweddill ei oes (oddieithr am gyfnod o lai na 12 mis) i ffwrdd o'i wlad enedigol, gan ennill iddo ei hun yr enw ‘Yevain de Galles’ neu ‘Owen of Wales’ a chael ei gyfrif yn wr eithriadol fel arweinydd lluoedd milwrol cyflogedig, nid yn unig yn Ffrainc eithr hefyd yn Lombardi, Llydaw, Alsas, a'r Yswistir.

Daeth i Loegr yn haf 1365 er mwyn hawlio ei dreftadaeth o ochr ei dad (gw. Thomas ap Rhodri); wedi iddo ennill y stad aeth yn ôl i Ffrainc ym mis Mawrth 1366. Yn niwedd y flwyddyn 1369 — ym mis Ebrill y flwyddyn honno ailddechreuodd y rhyfela rhwng Lloegr a Ffrainc a beidiasai yn 1360 — collodd Owain ei diroedd yn Lloegr a Chymru oblegid ei fod yn glynu wrth elynion brenin Lloegr. Yn y cyfnod hwn yn ei yrfa daeth i ymgymysgu a chysylltiadau gwleidyddol Lloegr a Ffrainc. Er bod Cymru yn ddieithr iddo — yn Lloegr y buasai ei dad a'i daid yn byw — yr oedd Owain yn gwbl ymwybodol o'i hawliau etifeddol fel olynydd uniongyrchol y ddau Lywelyn, fel y dengys Froissart yn eglur, ac ymddengys iddo grybwyll yr hawliau hyn yn fynych yng nghylchoedd llys Ffrainc. Manteisiwyd ar y rhain bellach er lles Ffrainc a gwnaethpwyd cynlluniau i dynnu sylw Lloegr rhag Ffrainc trwy geisio goresgyn Cymru o dan arweiniad Owain. Rhagflaenwyd cyrch 1372 trwy gyhoeddi proclamasiwn yn datgan hawliau Owain, eithr nid aethpwyd ymhellach na Guernsey; yn yr ynys honno parhaodd yr hanes am wrhydri a gweithredoedd Owain yn hir yn y cof ac mewn hanes, cân, a llên gwerin. Yr oedd yr awdurdodau yn Lloegr wedi paratoi ar gyfer cyrch ar Gymru cyn gynhared â mis Rhagfyr 1369; y mae'n ffaith drawiadol hefyd i frodor o sir Fôn, y flwyddyn ddilynol, gael ei gondemnio am fod mewn cyswllt ag ‘Owain Lawgoch, gelyn a bradwr,’ gyda'r bwriad o gychwyn rhyfel yng Nghymru. Y mae'r cyfeiriad neilltuol hwn at Owain Lawgoch, o'i ystyried ochr yn ochr â'r farddoniaeth broffwydol a gafwyd yn ddiweddarach ac a gysylltid â gwron o'r enw hwnnw — mewn un gân broffwydol uniaethir Owain Lawgoch ag Owain ap Thomas ap Rhodri — yn profi i enwogrwydd Owain barhau yn hir ei ddylanwad ar Gymru.

Y mae'n amlwg fod yr awdurdodau yn Lloegr yn ystyried bod Owain Lawgoch yn abl i achosi perygl i'r wlad honno. Profir hyn gan y modd y cyfarfu â'i ddiwedd yn ystod gwarchae Mortagne-sur-Mer gerllaw Bordeaux — yn ddios gyda chydsyniad yr awdurdodau Seisnig — ym mis Gorffennaf 1378. Sgotyn o'r enw John Lamb a'i llofruddiodd, gwr a lwyddodd i ennill cyfeillgarwch Owain ac a ddysgodd beth oedd ei ddibenion. Claddwyd ef bedair milltir o'r man y lladdwyd ef, sef yn eglwys S. Leger. Galarwyd ar ei ôl gan lu mawr o gyfeillion a chydfilwyr, a chafodd gwrhydri a gweithredoedd y gwr balch, caredig, eithr nwydwyllt, hwn ei groniclo gydag edmygedd gan rai o groniclwyr blaenllaw yr oes.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1953-54

Hawlfraint Erthygl: