A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): failed to load external entity "/opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/bib.ent" in Entity, line: 1

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'Timc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'EmWJonc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::loadXML(): Entity 'Traethc' not defined in Entity, line: 5

Filename: controllers/Article.php

Line Number: 118

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 118
Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 129

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 129
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 137

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 137
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 140

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 140
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/llyfryddiaeth.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 251

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 251
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 297

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 297
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: DOMDocument::load(): I/O warning : failed to load external entity "https://yba2-prawf.llgc.org.uk/assets/xml/awduron.xml"

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 322

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 322
Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Trying to get property of non-object

Filename: helpers/article_helper.php

Line Number: 331

Backtrace:

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
Line: 331
Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 77
Function: xsltTransform

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

COOMBE TENNANT, WINIFRED MARGARET (‘Mam o Nedd’; 1874 - 1956); cennad i gynulliad cyntaf Cynghrair y Cenhedloedd, un o ‘ferched y bleidlais, meistres gwisgoedd Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain a chyfethrydd (medium) enwog | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

COOMBE TENNANT, WINIFRED MARGARET (‘Mam o Nedd’; 1874 - 1956); cennad i gynulliad cyntaf Cynghrair y Cenhedloedd, un o ‘ferched y bleidlais, meistres gwisgoedd Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain a chyfethrydd (medium) enwog

Enw: Winifred Margaret Coombe tennant
Ffugenw: Mam o Nedd
Dyddiad geni: 1874
Dyddiad marw: 1956
Priod: Charles Coombe Tennant
Plentyn: Daphne Tennant
Plentyn: Henry Tennant
Plentyn: Alexander Tennant
Plentyn: Christopher Tennant
Rhiant: Mary Pearce-Serocold née Richardson
Rhiant: George Edward Pearce-Serocold
Rhyw: Benyw
Galwedigaeth: cennad i gynulliad cyntaf Cynghrair y Cenhedloedd, un o ‘ferched y bleidlais, meistres gwisgoedd Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain a chyfethrydd (medium) enwog
Maes gweithgaredd: Gwrthryfelwyr; Eisteddfod; Cyfraith; Amrywiol; Gwleidyddiaeth a Mudiadau Gwleidyddol
Awdur: Graham Lloyd Rees

g. yn unig blentyn George Edward Pearce-Serocold a'i ail wraig Mary Richardson, o Dderwen Fawr, Abertawe. Yn 1895, pr. Charles Coombe Tennant, ac aethant i fyw i Cadoxton Lodge, Llangatwg, ger Castell-nedd. Daeth hi, felly, yn ferch-yng-nghyfraith i Gertrude Barbara Rich Collier, ac yn chwaer-yng-nghyfraith i Dorothy Coombe Tennant, a brawd H.M. Stanley, y fforiwr enwog.

Yn ystod Rhyfel Byd I yr oedd hi'n is-gadeirydd Pwyllgor Amaethyddol y Merched dros sir Forgannwg a gwasanaethodd fel cadeirydd Pwyllgor Pensiynau Rhyfel dros Gastell-nedd a'r cylch. Apwyntiwyd hi'n Ynad Heddwch yn 1920 ac eisteddodd ar fainc sir Forgannwg — y wraig gyntaf i wasanaethu yno. O 1920 hyd at 1931, yr oedd yn un o'r Ymwelwyr Swyddogol i garchar Abertawe, ac yn gyfrifol am gyflawni rhai gwelliannau sylweddol yn nhriniaeth y carcharorion, e.e. ymladdodd y wraig hynod hon i gael caniatâd i'r carcharorion gael raseli diogel yn Abertawe yn lle bod rhaid iddynt dyfu barf. Fel canlyniad, fe fabwysiadwyd y gwelliant trwy'r deyrnas ymhen blynyddoedd.

Ym myd gwleidyddiaeth, yr oedd hi'n Rhyddfrydwraig selog ac yn edmygu Lloyd George yn fawr iawn. Yn 1922 bu'n ymgeisydd am sedd fel A.S. dros Fforest y Ddena, ond methodd ei hennill. Y cysylltiad â ‘L.G.’ a oedd yn gyfrifol am ei hapwyntio yn un o'r cynrychiolwyr i'r Cynghrair y Cenhedloedd newydd — y fenyw gyntaf o Brydain. Ond trodd Winifred Coombe Tennant yn genedlaetholwraig frwd ymhen amser, a daeth yn flaenllaw yng Ngorsedd y Beirdd. O dan yr enw ‘Mam o Nedd’ hi oedd Meistres y Gwisgoedd, a gadawodd swm o arian i'r Orsedd yn ei hewyllys, a phapurau ynglŷn â'r Orsedd i'r Llyfrgell Genedlaethol. Bu'n gadeirydd Adran Gelf a Chrefft yr Eist. Gen. yn 1918, ac fe'i hetholwyd hi yr un flwyddyn i fod yn aelod o bwyllgor o ugain, i ymchwilio posibiliadau sefydlu llywodraeth ffederal i Gymru. Heblaw hyn oll, yr oedd Winifred Coombe Tennant yn fam i bedwar o blant, sef Christopher, Daphne, Alexander a Henry. Ond rhyw ddeunaw mis bu Daphne byw, a bu'r ergyd ysigol hon yn gyfrifol am droi Mrs. Coombe Tennant i gyfeiriad byd yr ysbrydion. Yr oedd yn hawdd iddi wneud hynny am fod chwaer-yng-nghyfraith arall, sef Eveleen, yn briod â F.W.H. Myers a sefydlodd, gyda Henry Sidgwick, y Gymdeithas Ymchwil Seicigol. Yr oedd Mrs. Coombe Tennant yn gyfethrydd hynod o dalentog, ond ni wyddai'r byd mo hynny, y tu allan i gylch bach o ffrindiau agos, nes ar ôl iddi farw. Ar hyd y blynyddoedd, bu'n gyfethrydd i Syr Oliver Lodge ac eraill megis Gerald Balfour, o dan y ffugenw ‘Mrs. Willett’. Mae llawer ysgrif am ei chyfethryddiaeth yn y Jnl. of the Society for Psychical Research a chasgliad o ysgrifau postmortem yr honnwyd iddynt ddod oddi wrthi drwy law Geraldine Cummins (cyfethrydd arall) yn y gyfrol Swan on a black sea (gol. Signe Toksvig, 1970).

Yr oedd yn bersonoliaeth liwgar a chynnes, yn meddu ar argyhoeddiadau personol dwfn ac yn wrol ei safiad drostynt. Gwnaeth lu o gyfeillion yn ei gwlad fabwysiedig a mawr oedd ei diddordeb yn niwylliant Cymru, er na lwyddodd yn hollol i feistroli'r Gymraeg.

Bu f. 31 Awst 1956, yn ei chartref yn 18 Cottesmore Gardens, Kensington. Gorch-mynnodd nad oedd blodau na gwisgoedd galar i fod yn ei hangladd. Ar Fedi 7 cynhaliwyd gwasanaeth coffa amdani yn eglwys yr Holl Saint ger y Tŵr lle y cynrychiolwyd Undeb Bedyddwyr Cymru gan James Nicholas a'r Cymmrodorion gan Syr John C. Cecil-Williams.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1997

Hawlfraint Erthygl: