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Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: loadXML

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

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Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: require_once

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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: require_once

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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
Line: 133
Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/helpers/article_helper.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

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FLEURE, HERBERT JOHN (1877 - 1969), daearyddwr | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

FLEURE, HERBERT JOHN (1877 - 1969), daearyddwr

Enw: Herbert John Fleure
Dyddiad geni: 1877
Dyddiad marw: 1969
Priod: Hilda Mary Fleure née Bishop
Rhiant: Marie Fleure née Le Rougetel
Rhiant: John Fleure
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: daearyddwr
Maes gweithgaredd: Natur ac Amaethyddiaeth
Awdur: Mary Auronwy James

g. yn Guernsey, 6 Meh. 1877, yn fab i John Fleure (1803 - 1890), cyfrifydd, a'i briod Marie (g. Le Rougetel). Yr oedd yn ddall mewn un llygad ac ni chaniatâi ei iechyd bregus iddo fynychu Ysgol Ganolradd y Taleithiau, Guernsey, 1885-91, ond yn ysbeidiol. Ar waethaf salwch parhaodd i astudio gartref trwy ddarllen a sylwi ar natur o'i gwmpas nes llwyddo i ymaelodi ym Mhrifysgol Llundain yn 1894 a chael gradd Intermediate B.Sc. yn 1897. Ym mis Medi 1897 enillodd ysgoloriaeth i Aberystwyth lle y daeth yn aelod sylfaenol Cyngor y Myfyrwyr, cyhoeddodd erthyglau yng ngylchgrawn y coleg a chafodd radd dosbarth cyntaf mewn sŵoleg yn 1901. Dyfarnwyd iddo gymrodoriaeth Prifysgol Cymru a'i galluogodd i fynd i Zürich, yr Yswisdir, i astudio bioleg y môr. Yno meistrolodd Almaeneg (yr oedd Ffrangeg eisioes yn ail iaith iddo) a chyhoeddi canlyniadau ei ymchwil a chael gradd D.Sc. (Cymru) am y gwaith. Dychwelodd i Aberystwyth yn 1904 yn ddarlithydd mewn sŵoleg, daeareg a botaneg. Ef oedd pennaeth yr adran sŵoleg 1908-10, pennaeth dros dro yr adran ddaeareg am ychydig, a'r athro sŵoleg o 1910 hyd 1917 pryd y penodwyd ef yn athro mewn anthropoleg a daearyddiaeth — yr unig un yn y deyrnas bryd hynny. Yn 1930 gadawodd Aberystwyth pan benodwyd ef yn athro cyntaf mewn daearyddiaeth ym Mhrifysgol Victoria, Manceinion.

Yn 1905 cychwynnodd astudiaeth anthropolegol o'r Cymry. Ymwelodd â phentrefi ymhob cwr o'r wlad gan ddarlithio a gwneud arolwg a mesuriadau. Cyflwynodd addroddiad o'i waith yn 1907 i Adran H (anthropoleg) Cymdeithas Prydain er Hyrwyddo Gwyddoniaeth, a chyhoeddodd (gyda T. Campbell James) adroddiad yn y cylchgrawn Man, y cyntaf o tua 30 o'i erthyglau ar anthropoleg. Yn 1916 ysgrifennodd bapur arloesol ar ddosraniad daearyddol y dosbarthau anthropolegol yng Nghymru. Cyhoeddodd werslyfrau megis Human geography in Western Europe (1918), Peoples of Europe (1922), a Races of England and Wales (1923), a throswyd i nifer o ieithoedd ei bapur clasurol Régions Humanies a gyhoeddwyd ym Mharis. Rhwng 1927 ac 1956 bu H.J.E. Peake ac yntau'n gydawduron cyfres nodedig o 10 cyfrol — The corridors of time — ac yn y cyfamser cyhoeddodd French life and its problems (1942) a A natural history of Man in Britain (1951 ac 1959). Trwy gyfrwng y Gymdeithas Ddaearyddol y bu ef yn ysgrifennydd iddi ac yn olygydd ei chylchgrawn Geography am 30 ml., 1917-47, gweithiodd yn ddygn er hyrwyddo dysgu daearyddiaeth mewn ysgolion. Bu'n llywydd nifer o gyrff dysgedig, gan gynnwys Cymdeithas Archaeolegol Cymru yn 1924, ac anrhydeddwyd ef gan brifysgolion a chymdeithasau gwyddonol lle bynnag yr aeth; etholwyd ef yn F.R.S. yn 1936. Ond fel athro y cofid amdano yn bennaf. Ysgogai ei wrandawyr i feddwl drostynt eu hunain yn hytrach na'u llwytho â thoreth o ffeithiau.

Yn 1910 pr. â Hilda Mary Bishop o Guernsey, cynfyfyriwr o Goleg Prifysgol Cymru, Aberystwyth, a bu iddynt 3 o blant. Ar ei ymddeoliad yn 1944 symudodd i Lundain ac yn ddiweddarach i 66 West Drive, Cheam, Surrey, lle y bu f. 1 Gorff. 1969.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1997

Hawlfraint Erthygl: