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File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: loadXML

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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: require_once

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Function: load

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: _error_handler

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: transformToXml

File: /opt/rh/httpd24/root/var/www/yba2/application/controllers/Article.php
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Function: xsltTransform

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Function: require_once

HANSON, CARL AUGUST (1872 - 1961), pennaeth cyntaf adran rhwymo Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru | Y Bywgraffiadur Cymreig

HANSON, CARL AUGUST (1872 - 1961), pennaeth cyntaf adran rhwymo Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru

Enw: Carl August Hanson
Dyddiad geni: 1872
Dyddiad marw: 1961
Priod: Edith Hanson née Gwynne
Rhyw: Gwryw
Galwedigaeth: pennaeth cyntaf adran rhwymo Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru
Maes gweithgaredd: Hanes a Diwylliant; Argraffu a Chyhoeddi
Awdur: David Jenkins

g. yn 1872 yn Oslo, Norwy. Tuag 1898 daeth i Lundain i ddilyn ei grefft fel rhwymwr llyfrau gyda J. Zaehnsdorf yn Shaftesbury Avenue. Ymhen tair bl. symudodd at gwmni enwog Riviere yn Regent Street lle y treuliodd ddeng ml. yn gloywi ei ddawn a'i brofiad ym maes atgyweirio llyfrau prin a llawysgrifau. Yn ystod y cyfnod hwn pr. Edith Gwynne (1871 - 1950), a chawsant bedwar o blant. Yn niwedd 1911, allan o dri ymgeisydd profiadol, fe'i penodwyd ef i drwsio ac ailrwymo yn arbennig gasgliadau Peniarth a Llansteffan o lawysgrifau a llyfrau prin a gyflwynwyd gan Sir John Williams yn sail i'r Llyfrgell Genedlaethol newydd. Gan mor frau oedd llawer ohonynt, datblygodd Hanson ddull chwyldroadol o hollti tudalen o bapur a wnaed â llaw, a'i chyfannu drwy bastio'r ddau hanner trwch wrth dudalen o bapur glân. Felly yr achubodd ef (a chydag amser ei staff hefyd), filoedd lawer o lawysgrifau a llyfrau prin a gwerthfawr fel y gallai ysgolheigion ymchwil eu trafod heb eu niweidio ymhellach, a thrwy hynny gwelwyd cyhoeddi cyfresi o destunau llenyddol cyflawn a safonol a fu'n anhepgor i ddatblygiad ysgolheictod Cymraeg diweddar. Cydnabu Prifysgol Cymru ei gyfraniad unigryw yn 1955 pan gyflwynwyd iddo radd M.A. er anrh.

O ddyddiau'i lencyndod yn Llundain bu Hanson yn undebwr llafur brwd ac o fewn llai na blwyddyn wedi iddo gyrraedd Aberystwyth fe'i hetholwyd yn is-gadeirydd Cyngor Undebau Llafur Gogledd Ceredigion y bu'n gymorth i'w sefydlu. Ar ddiwedd Rhyfel Byd I ffurfiodd ef a'i gyfeillion gangen leol o'r Blaid Lafur, ac agor y siop fwyd gyntaf o dan nawdd y Mudiad Cydweithredol yn y dref. Cychwynnodd yn y Llyfrgell Genedlaethol ar 1 Ion. 1912 a daliodd ati i weithio tan 30 Meh. 1959 ac yntau'n 87 oed! Bu f. 26 Medi 1961 a chladdwyd ef ym mynwent Eglwys Llangorwen, Clarach.

Awdur

Dyddiad cyhoeddi: 1997

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